Texas Civil War Indian Trouble Memorial, Irion County. “War brought turmoil to Indians living in Kansas and the Indian Territory, with unfortunate results for Texans on the frontier. Most Cherokees, Choctaw, Creeks and Seminoles aided the South, while others adhered to the North. Few Comanches make a a treaty with the South; but a great majority with their allies, the Kiowas, held aloof from either side and plundered the frontier at will. Apaches and Kickapoos did the same from Mexico. Texas and Confederate Troops, despite poor arms and mounts, held defense lines until war’s end.”Belden, Dreanna L.. Texas Civil War Indian Trouble Memorial, Irion County, Photograph, August 3, 2005; digital image, (http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth5698/ : accessed April 29, 2013), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, http://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries, Denton, Texas.
Letter from Robert Anderson Irion to Sam Houston, March 14, 1838.